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Category Archives: Revolutionary History

Toussaint’s Clause

The prolific Professor Corbett has posted a review of Gordon Brown’s Toussaint’s Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution…. America watched aghast as its wealthy trading partner Haiti, a rich hothouse of sugar plantations and French colonial profit, exploded in a rebellion led by former slave, Toussaint L’Ouverture. “Toussaint’s Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution” narrates the intricate history of one of America’s early foreign policy balancing acts and one of the nation’s defining moments…. But Southern slaveholders, such as Jefferson, eyed the slave-general’s rise and masterful leadership skills with extreme alarm and eventually obtained a reversal of the policy—- even while taking advantage of the rebellion to make the fateful Louisiana purchase…. The stakes were mortally high—- a misstep could have plunged the new, weak and neutral republic into the great powers’ global war…. Brown details the founding fathers’ crisis over Haiti and their rancorous struggle, which very often cut to the core of what America meant by revolution and liberty.

Treatment of prisoners of war in Revolutionary times

New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman wrote a couple of weeks ago about the abuse of prisoners of war by American soldiers and CIA agents.

Jacob Lawrence and the Toussaint Louverture series

The blog Art for a Change recently ran this post on Jacob Lawrence, an African-American painter who, in 1938 at the age of 21, produced a 41-panel series depicting the life of Toussaint Louverture. At least one of the links in the original post is broken, so here are some other links to biographies of Jacob Lawrence and to images of the Toussaint series: 15 color prints from the series.

List of Famous People of Haitian Descent

He died in a french jail before seeing a free Haiti, which in 1804 became the 2nd country in the Americas after the U.S. to become independent Jean-Jacques Dessalines – Leader of the First Black Republic in the World Alexandre Petion – Haitian Leader who would help the founder of Latin American Independence, Simon Bolivar (The country of Bolivia is named after him), by providing weapons and soldiers with the promise Bolivar would free all the slaves in places he liberated…. The Audubon Society is named after him Jean Michel Basquiat – Son of Haitian and Puerto Rican parents who was a graffiti artist in NYC using the tag SAMO who would later become one of the most successful, controversial and glamorous artists in the world Jacques Stephen Alexis – Haitian writer who is a descendant of Jean-Jacques Dessalines…. Some of her acting credits is THE JEFFERSONS, THE COSBY SHOW, A DIFFERENT WORLD… Rene Depestre – Famous Haitian writer of many books, one of which is THE FESTIVAL OF THE GREASY POLE Jacques Roumain – Famous Haitian writer and one of his most famous work is GOUVERNEURS DE LA ROSEE Jean-Jean Pierre – Haitian composer, musician, journalist, and playwright, who was profiled on the New York Times Public Lives segment in December 23rd 2004 Ronal and Rony Delice – Haitian Brothers who are acclaimed fashion designers in New York City RELIGION Pierre Toussaint – Haitian born slave who is under consideration by the Vatican for canonization for his humanitarian work in New York Elizabeth Clarisse Lange – Freed slave who first migrated to Cuba then to Baltimore, Maryland…. Dr. Rose Marie Toussaint – One of only two women liver transplant surgeon in the world Joseph Laroche – Haitian businessman traveling with his french wife and kids on the Titanic which was somewhat of a choc to people to see a black man and his white wife traveling aboard a very expensive ocean liner at that time…. His wife and kids never made it to Haiti as they decided to return to France Dr. Carole Berotte Joseph – She is the new president of MassBay Community College in Massachussetts SPORTS Joe Gaetjens – Haitian born soccer player who scored amazing goal for the underdog U.S. in match against mighty England in 1950 World Cup of Soccer in Brazil…. William Joseph – DT for NY Giants Jonathan Vilma – LB for NY Jets Samuel Dalembert – C for Philadelphia 76rs Mario Elie – Former G for Houston Rockets Olden Polynice – Former NBA player Bruny Surin – Haitian / Canadian Track and field star WISH THEY WEREN’T HAITIANS Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier along with his father Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, combined to ruled Haiti under a brutal dictatorship for about 30 yrs. Papa Doc was the inspiration of Graham Greene in his book and movie adaptation of THE COMEDIANS.

Review of Geggus’ book

Martin Munro has published a review of David Geggus’ The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World.

The Toussaint Table at Chicken Bones

The Toussaint Table at Chicken Bones: A Journal for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes, has a collection of links to essays and articles on Haitian history.

Report from the Haitian Bicentennial Conference 2004

The report can be found online here: – Tyehimba – Haitian Bicentennial Conference 2004: Re-interpreting Our History

Haiti 1804 at the Carrie Art Collection

Via the VT Haiti mail list, we find that the Carrie Art Collection in Petionville, Haiti, has posted a gallery of revolution-themed Haitian Art. From their email: The Carrie Art Collection is pleased to present the virtual exhibit of Haitian Art entitled Haiti1804 In 1804 the slaves of Saint-Domingue overthrew their French colonial masters in […]

More from James… to page 56

Summary of C.L.R. James to page 61.